Moving to the cloud is an important concept right now as it is a hot topic for innovation nowadays. More and more companies started to host their applications on the cloud. Due to that, the term Cloud Ops has gained a lot of attraction among IT professionals.
So we have decided to define the term CloudOps and some other topics related to that.
What is CloudOps
It is not a surprise that most of the companies are moving their products to the cloud. It is because of the flexibility that cloud technology is providing to the end-user. But the ability to stay there, be effective depends on operational procedures that are known as CloudOps or Cloud Operations.
In other words, you can say that CloudOps is the activities related to the optimization of cloud services and other work that runs on the Public cloud. This allows the cloud services to run on the cloud for a longer period of time. It includes some specific processes and methods to improve the flexibility and efficiency of the cloud services so that the business can be successfully executed.
Each organization has specialized cloud centers for excellence (COE). COE usually consists of cloud experts of cloud services, cloud architecture, IT operations and security. The work of COE is to optimize the processes in a cloud and manage daily cloud operations that help a business to run steadily on the cloud.
How CloudOps can help DevOps
Many of you right now must be thinking that Are Cloud Ops related to DevOps?
The answer is Yes.
DevOps creates an agile process for the rapid delivery of services by combining the developers and the operations team. This doesn’t eliminate the need for IT experts and software developers, it just brings them together. And with complex services becoming common, teams need to find ways to move faster without compromising with the stability of the software.
This is where CloudOps come into play. It can offer speed, security, and efficiency to the DevOps team. Apart from this, CloudOps can offer many benefits to the DevOps team that can potentially make their work easier when they are dealing with the cloud servers.
So let’s check out the benefits of CloudOps-
Benefits of CloudOps
1) Ability to scale out- You can expand the capacity of the cloud at any time. This feature adds great value but sometimes can be a challenge to manage.
2) Distributed– It is the property to quickly establish new servers or remove unnecessary storage from the cloud servers as well.
3) Stateless– With this property, you can expand the cloud services all over the world.
4) Infrastructure Agnostic- With CloudOps, Cloud can abstract the underlying infrastructure from various platforms and applications
5) Location Transparent– You can manage locations of the cloud consistently.
6) Latency Tolerant- Because of the flexibility and scalability of cloud services,cloud-based applications are less prone to latency and errors.
7) Loosely Bounded- Cloud can run different applications at the same time that share a common server without crashing any of the ones.
8) Data is shared, replicated and distributed– In CloudOps, data isn’t centrally located and is either physically or logically separated.
9) Automated– Most of the cloud operations are automated for better efficiency.
10) Self-healing- Cloud uses automation as a way to fix common operational problems with affecting the working of any application.
11) Dual Active- This property allows teams to use multiple independent processing nodes where each node has access to a replicated database for a single application. This allows services to experience fewer outages because your application can likely pull the data it needs from a different source in case a server goes down.
12) Metered Cost- With the help of CloudOps, you can track the cloud usage of cloud resources. This can help you allocate the cost accordingly.
These are all the benefits of CloudOps to a cloud server. But don’t think that CloudOps only has benefits. It sometimes faces challenges too and below mentioned are some challenges faced by CloudOps
Challenges Faced by CloudOps
The Cloud COE sometimes face some tough challenges to make sure that the entire company’s cloud is running fine and efficiently. Some of those challenges are mentioned below-
Budget Overruns- Idle or not properly used space on the cloud can run the whole budget on fire. There is an estimate that the waste space on the cloud adds up to 25% to an enterprises’ budget.
Limited Governance– Sometimes disturbed companies buy and uses cloud services that sometimes result in budget overruns, security and compliance issues.
Security Risks- The public cloud is not fully secure, Each cloud resources must be appropriately configured if it needs to be secure.
Effective Cloud Management with CloudOps
IT tasks and processes have typically been manual to ensure that the changes are controlled to prevent unplanned outages. But when speed became the prime factor in everything, automation of IT tasks and processes became critical, especially in those environments where infrastructure is virtual and scalable. This increased the burden on IT operations to enable faster change without compromising with the high performance of the applications.
So to solve this, enterprises have adopted CloudOps. But it typically requires a cloud management platform that can consistently deploy software in accordance with corporate performance, governance and security policies.
The success of the Cloud Ops initiatives largely depends on the following characteristics of a cloud management platform.
- Infrastructure Instance Management
- Governing Policies for Instances
- Relentlessly Automating Processes
- Adapting Processes to new Technologies
Infrastructure Instance Management
Most of the IT operations revolve around machine instances. An instance can be a full application, a component of an application or can be a microservice as well. Cloud administrators can execute CloudOps practices across cloud environments to better understand performance issues that could lead to downtime. They can also deploy cloud services across different public clouds to deliver cloud resources to the user faster.
With integrated CloudOps processes, you can manage all the maintenance and security updates without any rush.
1) Governing Policies for instances
As mentioned above, CloudOps is providing continuous change and improvement in the cloud. But you can also apply various policies that help govern various aspects of the cloud policy.
For example- You need to apply a policy where you want to prohibit a user from using more than 10 machines.
Policies can be business or technology-oriented and can be deployed to both public and private cloud targets.
2) Relentlessly Automating Tasks and Processes
CloudOps means a shift towards automation. Each and every manual task that takes time which results in the delay of the service are automated. This results in more effectiveness of CloudOps.
3) Adapting Processes to new Technologies
Much open-source software is rapidly emerging in the cloud environment. They are influencing the way organizations develop and deliver their software. And CloudOps policies are very flexible to adapt these open source technologies.